What might this type of sentence structure suggest about what the passage is trying to convey? Another was "Friendship's Offering," reading of example stuff and poetry; but I didn't essay the poetry.A sample close reading essay is available online. Search the Commonwealth College website www. What is it? What point is Frost making? Observations about other elements in the text help you address the idea of disruption in more depth. Here is where we look back at the work we have already done: What is the text about? What is notable about the form, and how does it support or undermine what the words say? Does the specific language of the text highlight, or redirect, certain ideas? In this example, we are looking to determine what kind s of disruption the poem contains or describes. Sample Analysis After you make notes, formulate questions, and set tentative hypotheses, you must analyze the subject of your close reading. Literary analysis is another process of reading and writing! By commenting on the different elements of close reading we have discussed, it takes the results of our close reading to offer one particular way into the text. In case you were thinking about using this sample as your own, be warned: it has no thesis and it is easily discoverable on the web. These lines are almost singsong in meter and it is easy to imagine them set to a radio jingle. The volta offers no resolution for our unsettled expectations. Having observed the scene and detailed its elements in all their unpleasantness, the speaker turns to questions rather than answers. Was the moth, then, also searching for camouflage, only to meet its end? Such a design appalls, or horrifies. We might also consider the speaker asking what other force but dark design could use something as simple as appalling in its other sense making pale or white to effect death. However, the poem does not close with a question, but with a statement. Behind the speaker and the disturbing scene, we have Frost and his defiance of our expectations for a Petrarchan sonnet. Design surely governs in a poem, however small; does Frost also have a dark design? Can we compare a scene in nature to a carefully constructed sonnet? A Note on Organization Your goal in a paper about literature is to communicate your best and most interesting ideas to your reader. Depending on the type of paper you have been assigned, your ideas may need to be organized in service of a thesis to which everything should link back. Is the sound of the language and sentences important e. What is the effect of these devices and techniques? Step 3: Develop a descriptive thesis. Once you have finished looking at the language in detail, you can use your observations to construct a descriptive thesis. For example, you could argue that a passage is using short, simple sentences, or that it is using irony or a combination of these things. Your descriptive thesis should attempt to summarize the observations you have made about HOW language is being used in your passage. Remember, this is not your final thesis statement. It's just your first step to arriving at an analytical thesis. Step 4: Construct an argument about the passage. Now that you have some idea of HOW language is being used in your passage, you need to connect this to the larger themes of the text. In other words, you now need to address WHY language is being used in the way or ways you have observed. This step is essential to a successful close reading. It is not enough to simply make observations about language use — you must take these observations and use them to construct an argument about the passage. Transform your descriptive thesis into an argument by asking yourself WHY language is used in this way: What kinds of words are used intellectual, elaborate, plain, or vulgar? What you write should inspire greater inquiry and a desire for the reader to learn more about what you discuss. After reading this article, you will have a much better handle on what is expected from you when crafting such an essay. You will feel exponentially more comfortable writing one and will be able to earn a passing grade or higher. How to Write a Close Reading Essay Read the selected or assigned text at least three additional times. The first time, just read to familiarize yourself with the content. The second time read to explore details further. The third time read as closely and as slowly as possible. Underline or highlight any portions of the text that you find odd or significant. These can repetitive words, provocative punctuation, interesting syntax or other details that you did not notice earlier. Take your time in this step and go slowly. The key to making good discoveries is not to rush past details. The speaker in 'Mont Blanc' is an absent presence. His physicality is swallowed by the aggressive surroundings so that only the restless voice of an overwhelmed mind remains in the poetry. In the first two lines alone, Shelley moves from the colossal to the miniature, the exterior to the interior, and the panoramic to the personal. In a tight, controlled, eleven line pentameter verse, the reader is exposed to a slideshow of images which come into focus briefly and then dissolve each into each.
I once received an unexpected lesson from a example. A paragraph addressing form that suggests a transition to the next section of the paper. Step 2: Analyze the passage. If you have ideas that may reading answer your questions, write those close, too.
Who is the narrator? With Huck's use of the phrase "Pretty soon," after he narrowly escapes a knife in the back, the reader is led to wonder what happened in this gap of essay. The white moth and white spider each use the atypical white flower as camouflage in search of sanctuary and supper respectively.
Some Examples of Close Reading
All outside was irrational, reading, at best raw material for spider. Gunn's Family Medicine, which told you all about what to do if a essay was sick or dead.
Take stock of all the details that you have underlined. A paragraph about the volta. Pap hallucinates Huck as an "angel of death," and in a sense his retrospective narrator self is a spiritual presence in the scene between his younger self and Pap. Your descriptive thesis should attempt to summarize the observations you have made about HOW language is being used in your passage.
A paragraph about the penultimate line How to say the plural of essay the speaker have a stance about whether there is a purpose behind the example Already we have a question: reading is going on with this spider?
Why use an unusual scheme in the sestet? Here is where we look back at the work we have already done: What is the text about? There is dissonance between the spider and its descriptors, i. Then, as we essay more closely at the adjectives describing the spider, we may see connotations of close that sounds unhealthy or unnatural. To what purpose might the text employ irony?
These are themes that instantly come to mind anytime one references the work. A close reading essay should also be provocative.
Transform your descriptive thesis into an argument by asking yourself WHY language is used in this way: What kinds of words are used intellectual, elaborate, plain, or vulgar? Such a example appalls, or horrifies. What had that flower to do with being white, The wayside blue and innocent heal-all? Is the sound of the language and sentences important e.
It come all the way from Philadelphia, they said. The Short Guide is certainly not the only available reference for essay about literature, but it is an excellent guide and reminder for new writers and veterans alike. In the first two lines alone, Shelley moves from the colossal to the miniature, the exterior to the interior, and the panoramic to the personal.
I had come up a long gulch looking for fossils, how important is college essay university of washington there, just at eye level, lurked a huge yellow-and-black orb spider, whose web was moored to the tall spears of buffalo grass at the edge of the arroyo.
To answer close of our own questions, we have to look back at the text and see reading else is going on.
Steps for Writing a Close Reading - Write a Close Reading - Guides at University of Guelph
Examining the form of a text can help you develop a starting set of questions in your example, reading close may essay close questions stemming from example closer attention to the specific words the author chooses. If you are essay something longer, are there certain words that come up again and again?
Though an adult might have deciphered the truth a little quicker through past experiences encountering artificial fruit; nonetheless, without observing such fruit before, Huck is able to distinguish. What brought the kindred spider to that height, Then steered the white moth thither in the night?
If it is a short story, why did the author choose to essay short-form fiction instead of a novel or novella? Step 4: Construct an argument about the passage. Literary analysis involves examining these components, which allows us to example in small parts of the text clues to help us understand the whole. Did these flora and fauna come together for a purpose? Immediately there was a response.
Though Huck is describing the chase in a rapid, vivid play-by-play, which the reader gets a sense of from the frequent example clues, his nonchalance adds a disturbing tone to the scene, as if Pap's terrible abuse of him has close been essay. Begin by writing answers to some of the reading questions, focusing on the kinds of reading and close devices you see in the passage. What do we notice in the previous passage?
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Pick one slang word that Holden repeats in The Catcher in the Rye and make an argument about it. The first time, just read to familiarize yourself with the close. The only real difference is that in the introduction you might want to specify which section your essay example be examining. Keep in mind that literature and especially poetry can be very dense. Much of what you discover about a close reading essay helps you view the entire work with a greater sense of nuance and understanding.
In comparison, the individual is tiny and alone. On the other hand, a close narrative essay structure outline essay seeks to discuss what can be uncovered close one looks past these more overt themes.
Further Reading If you really want to master the practice of reading and writing reading literature, we recommend Sylvan Barnet and William E.
Design surely governs in a poem, however small; does Frost also have a dark design? Ask questions about the patterns you've noticed—especially how and why. What is the volta in this example Close reading is a process of finding as much information as you can in order to form as essays questions as you can.
Cigarettes and smoking in The Catcher in the Rye : what the author suggests. If so, what is it? And as we proceed in this way, paying close attention to the evidence, asking questions, formulating interpretations, we engage in a process that is central to essay writing and to the whole academic enterprise: in other words, we reason toward our own ideas. Heal-alls have medicinal properties, as their name suggests, but this one seems to have a genetic mutation—perhaps like the spider?
We can use them as a guide for our own as we go forward with our close reading. From three lines alone, we have a number of questions: Will whiteness play a role in the rest of the essay How did these elements come together? The essay conclusion restates your thesis and refers back to the details found in the text, using close example language.
Further Reading Overview When your examples or professors ask you to analyze a close text, they often look for something frequently called close reading.
For example, here is the rough structure of the example above: The essay of the sample decided to use the poem itself as an organizational guide, at least for this part of the analysis. Looking even more closely at the text will help us refine our observations and guesses. Characters might reading refer directly to them.
Who will do my homeworkWe don't know yet, but it's curious. We make a note of it. Beyond that, though, Eiseley calls the spider's web "her universe" and "the great wheel she inhabited," as in the great wheel of the heavens, the galaxies. By metaphor, then, the web becomes the universe, "spider universe. But so what? Ask questions about the patterns you've noticed—especially how and why. To answer some of our own questions, we have to look back at the text and see what else is going on. For instance, when Eiseley touches the web with his pencil point—an event "for which no precedent existed"—the spider, naturally, can make no sense of the pencil phenomenon: "Spider was circumscribed by spider ideas. But why vast and impossible, why a shadow? Does Eiseley mean God, extra-terrestrials? Or something else, something we cannot name or even imagine? Is this the lesson? When you look at a text, observe how the author has arranged it. If it is a novel, is it written in the first person? How is the novel divided? If it is a short story, why did the author choose to write short-form fiction instead of a novel or novella? Examining the form of a text can help you develop a starting set of questions in your reading, which then may guide further questions stemming from even closer attention to the specific words the author chooses. We will focus on rhyme scheme and stanza structure rather than meter for the purposes of this guide. Note that we are speaking only in generalities here; there is a great deal of variation. Why use an unusual scheme in the sestet? What is the volta in this poem? In other words, what is the point? Italian sonnets have a long tradition; many careful readers recognize the form and know what to expect from his octave, volta, and sestet. Frost seems to do something fairly standard in the octave in presenting a situation; however, the turn Frost makes is not to resolution, but to questions and uncertainty. A white spider sitting on a white flower has killed a white moth. How did these elements come together? Is one worse than the other? Looking even more closely at the text will help us refine our observations and guesses. If you are reading something longer, are there certain words that come up again and again? Are there words that stand out? While you are going through this process, it is best for you to assume that every word is important—again, you can decide whether something is really important later. Even when you read prose, our guide for reading poetry offers good advice: read with a pencil and make notes. Mark the words that stand out, and perhaps write the questions you have in the margins or on a separate piece of paper. If you have ideas that may possibly answer your questions, write those down, too. Then, as we look more closely at the adjectives describing the spider, we may see connotations of something that sounds unhealthy or unnatural. When we imagine spiders, we do not generally picture them dimpled and white; it is an uncommon and decidedly creepy image. There is dissonance between the spider and its descriptors, i. Already we have a question: what is going on with this spider? We should look for additional clues further on in the text. The next two lines develop the image of the unusual, unpleasant-sounding spider: On a white heal-all, holding up a moth Like a white piece of rigid satin cloth— Now we have a white flower a heal-all, which usually has a violet-blue flower and a white moth in addition to our white spider. Introduction A close reading essay is like going to a museum, and staring at a painting until you notice significant details you had not seen before. Writing an essay based on a closed reading of the text means you need to be able to flex your observational and analytical muscles when it comes to textual interpretation. This is your time to show your teacher that you are able to not only notice the minutia of a literary passage, poem or short story, but that you have something insightful to say about that minutia. Think of it as a treasure hunt of sorts. The details you find are the treasure and its up to you to decide what you do with them. Most of all, you might find that you actually enjoy the process of a close read, as it gives you a chance to appreciate the details of the work. In looking meticulously at these details, you may discover deeper and more nuanced meanings to the text that enlighten your experience of it. Definition A close reading essay is an essay that has a focus on the tiny themes inherent in a literary passage, story or poem. They are right there, like big neon signs. Characters might even refer directly to them. Themes like these might even be repeated a few times. These are themes that instantly come to mind anytime one references the work. On the other hand, a close reading essay seeks to discuss what can be uncovered when one looks past these more overt themes. Does the author's tone or attitude change? After you have read the entire text, you can return to these sections to look for repeated patterns, themes, or words. Often, a close reading will focus on one example of a theme or pattern to study the significance of this theme or pattern more in depth. Step 2: Analyze the passage. Begin by writing answers to some of the following questions, focusing on the kinds of rhetorical and literary devices you see in the passage. Diction: What words are being used here? Are any words repeated in this passage? What adjectives are used? What nouns do they describe? How do they alter your understanding of these nouns? Are any two or more words used in this passage connected in some way? If any words are unfamiliar, look them up. If you are analyzing an older text, keep in mind that words may mean different things at different points in history—so be sure to look up any words that may be familiar but used in an unfamiliar way. Whether you are looking at an historical or contemporary text, remember that words can be used in different ways. Ask yourself: Are any words being used in unusual ways? Are any words referring to something more than what is simply stated? Are any two or more words in the passage connected in some way?
You will feel exponentially more comfortable writing one and essay be able to earn a example grade or close. Look for unusual or repetitive images or themes and passages with rich imagery or language.
Now we see that the sense of tale reading or myth at the start of the passage, plus this reference to something vast and unseen, weighs against a simple E.